In Grade 5, concrete experiences remain important to students as they conduct scientific inquiries and include evidence of abstract ideas in their explorations. Students refine their abilities to identify variables and increase the accuracy of their predictions based on prior experiences and explanations based on information gathered.
Fifth-grade students need a positive learning environment that encourages and challenges their efforts and progress toward learning science. This environment is supported through active learning opportunities and content-related questions that foster science communication.
As fifth-grade students continue to explore the physical world, they develop detailed comparisons through investigations and hands-on experiences. Students form an understanding of the relationship between food chains and food webs, compare plant and animal cells, and become more knowledgeable about the forms and transfer of energy. They also begin to compare Earth to other planets in our solar system.